Asian markets signal investor distress over the outbreak.
Stocks in the Asia-Pacific region fell broadly and heavily on Thursday on mounting signs that the coronavirus outbreak will take a dramatic toll on the global economy.
Shares in Japan were down more than 5 percent midday, while shares in Australia led the region’s slump with a fall of more than 6 percent. Futures markets signaled dire openings for Wall Street and European stocks as well.
The fall was driven by a sharp drop on Wall Street on Wednesday, but it worsened considerably following a spate of late news from the United States. President Trump on late Wednesday said the United States would stop most Europeans outside Britain from traveling to the country for 30 days in an effort to slow the spread. The State Department advised Americans to reconsiders all international travel. An aide in the United States Senate tested positive. The National Basketball Association suspended its season after a player tested positive.
With global growth on the line, investors have been looking for world leaders to step in to keep the economic gears turning. Mr. Trump on Wednesday said he would extend financial relief for sick workers and would ask Congress for more. Britain has said it would spend more than $30 billion. Central banks are cutting interest rates.
So far, for investors, it hasn’t been enough.
Prices for 10 year U.S. Treasury bonds, a traditional safe haven for investors, jumped in Asian trading on Thursday, helping to keep yields at historic lows.
Oil prices were down more than 5 percent, shaken by both a clash between Saudi Arabia and Russia over excessive production and by fears that the world simply does not need as much fuel as it once did.
Among stock markets, in Tokyo, the Nikkei 225 index was down 5.2 percent in midday trading. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 index tumbled 6.3 percent.
In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng index was down 3.6 percent. In mainland China, the Shanghai Composite Index was down 1 percent.
Steep sell-off highlights fears that Washington’s response won’t be enough.
Stocks plunged on Wednesday, with the Dow Jones industrial average falling into a bear market, in a drop that reflected investors’ fear that Washington won’t be able to muster a response to the economic crisis triggered by the spreading coronavirus.
A bear market begins when stocks have fallen 20 percent from their high. Though it’s a somewhat arbitrary threshold, in financial markets the designation acknowledges what many investors are surely feeling — that fear-based trading in the stock market may not end soon.
The last time stocks in the United States were in a bear market was during the height of the financial crisis, more than a decade ago.
The S&P 500 fell nearly 5 percent on Wednesday, while the Dow dropped nearly 6 percent. From its February high, the S&P 500 is down 19 percent, while the Dow is down 20 percent.
Stocks have whipsawed this week as investors vacillated between the threat that the coronavirus poses to the global economy and the hopes that governments around the world will unveil a series of measures to help businesses. On Wednesday, World Health Organization officials officially designated the spread of the coronavirus as a global pandemic.
President Trump has signaled he would consider ways to stimulate the economy, and lawmakers and administration officials spent the day Wednesday outlining their possible steps. Options include cutting payroll taxes and extending the American tax filing deadline past April 15. But so far, the White House has not announced any specific measures, and most experts say a payroll tax cut is not an effective way to combat the problems facing the economy.
“What we’ve seen over the past 36 hours is hope for something from a fiscal policy perspective and then this sense that it’s not going to come, or it’s not thought out, so I think that’s the disappointment right now,” said William Delwiche, an investment strategist at Baird, an investment banking and money-management firm based in Milwaukee.
That the virus is unlikely to prove fatal to the vast majority of people who get it offers little comfort to financial markets. Rather, the worry is that efforts to contain the spread of the illness caused by the virus are certain to slow the global economy and corporate profits.
Chinese hackers exploit virus fears.
Criminals and nation-state hackers are capitalizing on the coronavirus outbreak to commit fraud and steal sensitive data.
Over the past two weeks, two well-known Chinese state hacking groups have been baiting employees at large telecommunications companies and government agencies in Asia into downloading fake documents that purport to contain critical coronavirus information, three cybersecurity firms said.
Two California companies, Crowdstrike and FireEye, and the Israeli company Check Point confirmed this week that the Chinese groups were sending out coronavirus-themed documents loaded with malware. For now, the breaches have focused on targets in Vietnam, Mongolia and the Philippines.
FireEye reported that Russian hackers have been using legitimate coronavirus update documents to target entities in Ukraine, and North Korea hackers have used coronavirus information as bait to target a South Korean nongovernmental organization.
Security researchers worry the campaigns are an early warning for cyberattacks that could hit the United States. “We’re seeing cybercriminals and Chinese groups jump on coronavirus,” said Adam Meyers, the head of threat intelligence at Crowdstrike. “People need to be aware of what is coming.”
Criminals have also been using coronavirus maps to lure people into downloading hacking tools that can be used for everything from stealing usernames and passwords to downloading ransomware. They have been sending what appears to be a Johns Hopkins University interactive map of coronavirus infections to bait victims into clicking.
For now, the attacks have been largely limited to Asia, Mr. Meyers said, but American victims are vulnerable. He said with global fears of coronavirus mounting, the virus will undoubtedly be used for “big-game hunting,” taking advantage of employees at big companies to demand larger payouts.
European nations present emergency relief plans.
Governments across Europe have announced emergency spending plans to support businesses facing lost revenue and individuals who have lost income because the outbreak.
Britain: The nation’s new budget, delivered Wednesday, includes a fiscal stimulus plan of 30 billion pounds (about $39 billion), including tax breaks for businesses, additional money for the National Health Service and more generous sick pay.
Italy: The government is spending 25 billion euros ($28 billion) to help businesses and individuals, potentially including broader unemployment benefits and aid for parents forced to take time off work. Details are expected Friday.
Spain: The nation’s economic measures are expected to be announced Thursday, including support for tourism and transportation and families caring for out-of-school children.
Germany: The government announced a spending program of 12.4 billion euros ($14 billion), and it will expand subsidies to prevent layoffs; spending on infrastructure will increase, and government banks will provide loans to small businesses facing a short-term declines in sales.
France: Businesses affected by the outbreak have been offered financing to pay for partial unemployment benefits, as well as eased credit terms. Suppliers will not be penalized for failure to fulfill government contracts.
Mortgage refinancing applications surge as interest rates fall.
Consumers unnerved by the turmoil wrought by the coronavirus on Wall Street can focus on one bright spot, at least: falling mortgage rates.
The rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage has dropped to about 3.74 percent and the Mortgage Bankers Association said Wednesday that refinancing applications jumped 79 percent last week.
The index that tracks refinancing activity surged to its highest level since 2009, the worst of the financial crisis, and there has been an almost equally robust rise in applications for new mortgages.
If interest rates remain low, the association said it expected refinancing activity to exceed last year’s levels by 37 percent.
The best refinancing deals may not be the ones found on lender websites or so-called mortgage lead generation websites run by firms like Bankrate, Lendingtree and Zillow.
“Very seldom does a borrower get the rate advertised on an aggregator website,” said Rick Sharga, founder of mortgage and real estate consulting firm CJ Patrick. “What we are hearing is some firms are pricing themselves out of the market to slow down the flow of leads, especially to people who are just rate shopping.”
Even the website for Wells Fargo listed the going rate for a refinancing on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage at 4.25 percent — well above the rate cited by the Mortgage Bankers Association.
Walter Schmidt, a manager with the mortgages strategy group at FHN Financial, said posted rates were probably higher than in reality, and he had heard good customers were getting better rates by dealing directly with the banks that underwrote their existing mortgages.
Here’s what else is happening.
The actor Tom Hanks said on Wednesday that he and his wife, Rita Wilson, learned they had the coronavirus. The 63-year-old Academy Award-winning actor is in Australia, where he was set to film a movie about the life of Elvis Presley.